Gary Taubes : Calories vs Carbohydrates

Gary Taubes Calories vs Carbohydrates: Clearing up Confusion over Competing Obesity Paradigms

The science of obesity has been dogged for a century by a controversial question: is the condition an energy balance problem or a hormonal one? Do we accumulate excess fat merely because we consume more calories than we expend — we eat too much and exercise too little — or do we accumulate excess fat because the homeostatic mechanisms regulating fat metabolism and storage are out of whack. If the latter is the case, then positive energy balance (overeating) is an effect of getting fat, not a cause, and the prime environmental suspect for the cause of excess adiposity is the carbohydrate content of the diet and its effect on insulin signaling. This video by author Gary Taubes covers how we might tell these two scenarios apart and potential experiments to resolve this century-old conflict.

‘Insulin vs. Ketones – The Battle for Brown Fat’

Dr. Benjamin Bikman earned his Ph.D. in Bioenergetics and was a postdoctoral fellow with the Duke-National University of Singapore in metabolic disorders. He is currently a professor of pathophysiology and a biomedical scientist at Brigham Young University in Utah.

Dr. Bikman’s professional focus as a scientist and professor is to better understand chronic modern-day diseases, with a special emphasis on the origins and consequences of obesity and diabetes, with an increasing scrutiny of the pathogenicity of insulin and insulin resistance. He frequently publishes his research in peer-reviewed journals and presents at international science meetings.

Dr. Bikman has long been an advocate of a ketogenic diet in light of the considerable evidence supporting its use as a therapy for reversing insulin resistance. His website InsulinIQ.com promotes dietary clarity, healing, and freedom through evidence-based science about insulin resistance. Employing cell-autonomous to whole-body systems, Dr. Bikman’s recent efforts have focused on exploring the intimate associations between the metabolic and immune systems.

Study: almost half of Alzheimer’s cases are due to hyperinsulinemia – Medical News Today

Melissa Schilling, an innovation professor at NYU, has discovered the pathway between diabetes and Alzheimer’s, and it has big implications for how Alzheimer’s can be prevented.

Professor Schilling compared and integrated decades of research on diabetes, Alzheimer’s, and molecular chemistry, focusing in particular on results that seemed to yield conflicting results. It turns out that routine practices in research – like excluding all patients with known medical problems such as diabetes from an Alzheimer’s study, for example – had obscured the mechanisms that connect the two diseases. Those main mechanisms turn out to be insulin and the enzymes that break it down. The same enzymes that break down insulin also break down amyloid-beta, the protein that forms tangles and plaques in the brains of people with Alzheimer’s. When people have hyperinsulinemia (i.e., they secrete too much insulin due to a poor diet, pre-diabetes, early diabetes, obesity, etc.) the enzymes are too busy breaking down insulin to break down amyloid-beta, causing amyloid-beta to accumulate

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