The Sugar / Opioid Addiction Connection

Another look at the research on the sugar/opioid addiction connection from theconversation.com.

Sugar in the diet may increase risks of opioid addiction

Could a diet high in refined sugars make children and adults more susceptible to opioid addiction and overdose? New research, from our laboratory of behavioral neuroscience at the University of Guelph, suggests it could.

As North America’s opioid crisis worsens, schools across Canada are purchasing naloxone anti-overdose kits. Research suggests that risks of opioid addiction could also be addressed through attention to children’s nutrition.

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High Fructose Corn Syrup And Opioid Addiction

From Forbes’ Pharma and Healthcare:

Study Reveals Possible Connection Between High Fructose Corn Syrup And Opioid Addiction

Diets high in high fructose corn syrup may indirectly contribute to opioid dependence, according to research presented this week at Neuroscience 2017, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience.

Previous research has shown that high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) impacts the brain in a way similar to addictive drugs. It triggers a response in the brain’s reward system circuitry that leads to continued cravings, in much the same way as a narcotic. These similarities have led researchers to wonder whether diets high in HFCS may play a role in opioid dependence.

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Falls are leading cause of injury and death in older Americans

From the CDC archived website pages:

Every second of every day in the United States an older adult falls, making falls the number one cause of injuries and deaths from injury among older Americans.

In 2014 alone, older Americans experienced 29 million falls causing seven million injuries and costing an estimated $31 billion in annual Medicare costs, according to a new report published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in this week’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).

The new numbers are being released in conjunction with the 9th Falls Prevention Awareness Day, sponsored by the National Council on Aging (NCOA). The observance addresses the growing public health issue and promotes evidence-based prevention programs and strategies to reduce the more than 27,000 fall deaths in older adults each year.

“Older adult falls are increasing and, sadly, often herald the end of independence,” said CDC Director Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H. “Healthcare providers can make fall prevention a routine part of care in their practice, and older adults can take steps to protect themselves.”

With more than 10,000 older Americans turning 65 each day, the number of fall-related injuries and deaths is expected to surge, resulting in cost increases unless preventive measures are taken.

STEADI helps healthcare providers make fall prevention routine

To reduce older adult falls, CDC created the Stopping Elderly Accidents, Deaths, and Injuries (STEADI) initiative to help healthcare providers make fall prevention routine. STEADI is based on clinical guidelines and provides information and resources for patients, caregivers, and all members of the healthcare team. STEADI includes:

Information on how to screen for falls
Online training for providers
Videos on how to conduct functional assessments
Informational brochures for providers, patients and caregivers
At CDC, we’re working with healthcare providers to help keep older adults safe from falls. It all starts with three steps that healthcare providers can easily integrate into routine office visits.

At each visit, healthcare providers should:

Ask patients if they have fallen in the past year, feel unsteady, or worry about falling.
Review medications and stop, switch, or reduce the dose of medications that could increase the risk of falls.
Recommend vitamin D supplements.
“Falls threaten older Americans’ independence and safety and generate enormous economic and personal costs that affect everyone,” said Grant Baldwin, Ph.D., M.P.H., director of CDC’s Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention. “Together, everyone can reduce the risk of falling and prevent fall injuries.”

Reduced muscle strength, increased inactivity, more severe chronic health conditions, and increased use of prescription medications are risk factors for falls among older Americans. Fall injury rates are almost seven times higher for older adults with poor health than for those with excellent health.

How older adults can reduce their risk of falling

Older adults also can take simple steps to prevent a fall:

Talk to your healthcare provider about falls and fall prevention. Tell your provider if you’ve had a recent fall. Although one out of four older Americans falls each year, less than half tell their doctor.
Talk to your provider or pharmacist about medications that may make you more likely to fall.
Have your eyes checked by an eye doctor once a year. Update eyeglasses as needed.
Participate in evidence-based programs (like Tai Chi) that can improve your balance and strengthen your legs. Contact your local Council on Aging for information about what is available in your community.
Make your home safer by getting rid of fall hazards.
For more information on the NCOA, see https://www.ncoa.org/.

For more information on CDC’s STEADI initiative, see https://www.cdc.gov/steadi.

For more information about Administration on Community Living falls prevention programs, see www.aoa.acl.gov/AoA_Programs/HPW/Falls_Prevention/index.aspx .

Roundup (Glyphosate) and Nerve Damage. – Rainbow Grocery

“The Herbicide Glyphosate Causes Behavioral Changes and Alterations in Dopaminergic Markers in the Male Sprague-Dawley Rat.”

Glyphosate* is a powerful herbicide which has been reported to be neurotoxic. Male rats were injected with glyphosate of 50 mg, 100 mg, or 150 mg over two weeks, and the effect on dopamine neurotransmitter activity was evaluated in the rats to determine the effect on nerve activity. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Dopamine Pathways. In the brain, dopamine plays an important role in the regulation of reward and movement. As part of the reward pathway, dopamine is manufactured in nerve cell bodies located within the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and is released in the nucleus accumbens and the prefrontal cortex. Its motor functions are linked to a separate pathway, with cell bodies in the substantia nigra that manufacture and release dopamine into the striatum.

CONCLUSION: Glyphosate (as found in Roundup herbicide) alters dopamine neurotransmitter activity of the brains of rats. This is most likely to be true for humans as well. Further testing is needed to see if other neurotransmitters are altered by glyphosate.

Read the article: Roundup (Glyphosate) and Nerve Damage. – Rainbow Grocery

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